An air waybill (AWB) is a vital document used in air freight shipments. It serves as a contract between the shipper and the airline, detailing the terms and conditions of transportation. The air waybill contains essential information such as the shipper and consignee's details, the description of the goods, the flight details, and the handling instructions. It also acts as a receipt of the goods and provides a tracking number for monitoring the shipment's progress. The air waybill plays a crucial role in facilitating smooth and transparent air cargo operations by ensuring accurate documentation and effective communication between all parties involved.